The National Directory of Certified Public Accountants

Ask A CPA - Casualty Losses

Personal Use Property

Unlike business property, if personal property is completely destroyed, the loss cannot exceed the decline in value from the casualty, even if this is less than the basis. If property owned outside of the business or investment setting, like a personal residence, is damaged, the loss is the lesser of the property’s decline in value or its adjusted basis, reduced by insurance proceeds or other reimbursement.

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