The National Directory of Certified Public Accountants

Ask A CPA - Retirement Planning

What Is A Keogh Plan ?

A retirement plan that covers self-employed persons (sole proprietors or partners)is referred to as a Keogh or H.R. 10 plan. With partnerships, the Keogh must be set up by the partnership, not the partner. Employees who are at least 21 and have at least one year of service must be allowed to participate. Employer contributions are tax deductible subject to certain income limitations. Employees may be permitted to make nondeductible voluntary contributions. There are two types of Keogh plans. Different rules apply to both types of plan. A Keogh plan can be set up as a defined benefit plan or a defined contribution plan which includes 3 types: a Money Purchase plan, Profit Sharing and a Combination of the two.

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