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Ask A CPA - SIMPLE IRAs

Retirement Plans - SIMPLE IRA Plan

A SIMPLE IRA, or "Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees Individual Retirement Account", is a type of tax-deferred employer-provided retirement plan in the United States that allows employees to set aside money and invest it to grow for later use. Specifically, it is a type of Individual Retirement Account (IRA) that is set up to be an employer-provided plan. It is an employer sponsored plan, like more well-known plans such as the 401(k) (profit-sharing plans) and 403(b) (Tax Sheltered Annuity plans), but offers simpler and less costly administration rules. Like a 401(k) plan, the SIMPLE IRA is funded by a pretax salary reduction. Like other salary reduction contributions, these deductions are subject to social security, medicare, and Federal Unemployment Tax Act taxes. Contribution limits for SIMPLE plans are lower than for most other types of employer-provided retirement plans: $12,000 for the current year with a $2,500 catch up contribution, as compared to $17,500 and a $5,500 catch up contribution for convention defined contribution plans (Section 402(g) limit) like 401(k), 401(a), and 403(b) plans. In 2014 the limitation remains unchanged at $12,000.

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